How Do ADHD and Executive Function Relate to Each Other?
(from SOS4Students coach Kelsi)
The causes and risk factors of ADHD are not entirely known. However, we are aware that ADHD is a biological disorder that affects brain development and activity, specifically the development of executive function (EF).
According to Russell Barkley, Ph.D., a leading ADHD expert, “Those with ADHD are generally about 30 to 40 percent behind their peers in transitioning from one executive function to the next.”
In his article, ”What Is Executive Function? 7 Deficits Tied to ADHD,” Barkley provides great insights if you want to learn more about the relationship between EF and ADHD. Barkley writes that there are seven executive function skills that develop in chronological order starting at age two:
- Non-verbal working memory
- Verbal working memory
- Emotional self-regulation
As you read Barkley’s list of executive functioning skills, you may have noticed that some or all of these are areas your student struggles with.
What Does This Mean for Your Student?
While a child’s brain continues to develop, there are skills and systems that can be taught to better support school and home functioning. SOS coaches help teens develop these skills in our one-on-one sessions and workshops.